All posts by JaimeM

The legal basis of Cuba’s nationalizations

The legal basis of Cuba’s nationalizations
The first nationalizations took place in Cuba when the Agrarian Reform was enacted, in May of 1959, and established compensation with 20-year government issued bonds

José Luis Toledo Santanderjune 11, 2019 11:06:26

The Revolutionary government promulgated nationalization laws to fulfill the Moncada program.

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Photo: Granma Archives
Given the increase in U.S. imperial aggression and arrogance, many Cubans are being heard these days paraphrasing General Antonio Maceo, on the occasion of his historic statement in Mangos de Baraguá, in 1878, when responding to a surrender agreement known as the Zanjón Pact, he said, “No, we do not understand each other.” I agree with them, we cannot understand the U.S. government, for many reasons, among them because we make an effort to give words the interpretation they deserve.

In the Helms-Burton Act, the terms “confiscated property” and “confiscated assets” are used regularly. As Dr. Olga Miranda Bravo explains, these terms are in no way “similar to nationalization,” defined as an act by which a nation, in a legal process, can, for different reasons, order the appropriation of private properties and place them within the public treasury.”

The confiscation of assets is an accessory legal act, subsequent to the commission of a crime, which implies, in addition to a penalty, the restitution of property ill-gained, with no right to compensation.The Council of Ministers, in use of powers recognized by the Fundamental Law of the Republic, February 7, 1959 – broadly and specifically inspired by the 1940 Constitution – enacted Law No.15 on March 17, 1959, which ordered the confiscation, and consequent adjudication to the Cuban state, of assets owned by Fulgencio Batista and all those who collaborated with his dictatorship, recognized as responsible for multiple crimes, as set forth in the Code of Social Defense, in effect at that time.When the Helms-Burton Act refers in its section 302 of Title III to trafficking with property confiscated by the Cuban government, it is protecting the very criminals cited in Law 15/1959, whose assets were confiscated because they had committed crimes. Continue reading

Pastors for Peace in Cuba

Pastors for Peace sends Trump administration a strong message
The group’s solidarity caravan conveys a clear message to the U.S. – and the world – challenging the hostile policy toward Cuba being followed by the current government

Author: International news staff | informacion@granma.cu
june 11, 2019 14:06:59

Reverend Raúl Suárez, from Ebenezer Baptist Church in the Havana municipality of Marianao, emphasized the importance of the Cuba-U.S. Friendship Caravan project organized by Pastors for Peace to the struggle against the blockade.

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Photo: Yaimí Ravelo
Cuba’s ambassador to the United Nations, Ana Silvia Rodríguez, stated that the Pastors for Peace solidarity caravan this year is of great relevance, since it is taking place during a difficult period for relations between Cuba and the United States, amidst escalating U.S. sanctions on Cuba.

According to Prensa Latina, the work of Caravan participants is sending a clear message to the United States and the rest of the world, challenging the hostile policies of the current administration, the Cuban diplomat said during a solidarity event held in New York.

Anti-Cuban leaders have learned nothing over these years of resistance, she added, our people will not surrender to pressure or threats. Now Washington is tightening the siege of Cuba, increasing aggressive measures, re-activating the Helms-Burton Act’s Title III, for example.

Restrictions on travel to the island have been increased, “Perhaps they are afraid that the U.S. people will learn the true reality of my country,” the ambassador observed.

Since 1992, when the Pastors for Peace Caravans began, Caravan organizers and participants have faced the harassment of the different U.S. administrations and forces hostile to the normalization of relations between the two countries. Caravan activists have overcome thousands of obstacles, making great sacrifices to deliver solidarity support to Cuba, recalled Rodríguez, Cuba’s alternate permanent representative to the United Nations.

The executive director of the Interreligious Foundation for Community Organization-Pastors for Peace, Gail Walker, noted that the solidarity work they do allows them to debunk misinformation and lies spread by the Donald Trump administration.

The Caravan’s travels around the continental U.S. are taking place early in June this year, rescheduled to better meet their goals since the Venceremos Brigade organized by U.S. and Puerto Rican activists will be in Cuba to commemorate its 50th anniversary in July, she reported.

The travel license system imposed by the White House is meant to “control what we do, where we go (…), so we will travel without a license, love is our only license,” Walker insisted.

“Ours is a labor of love toward our friends in Cuba, reflecting our commitment to the cause of ending the blockade,” she concluded.

In addition to bringing solidarity aid to Cuba, the Pastors for Peace caravans, under the guidance of the unforgettable Reverend Lucius Walker, was founded with the objective of challenging the economic, commercial and financial blockade of Cuba, which the U.S. has maintained for almost 60 years.

The births of Maceo and Che

The births of Maceo and Che
The two legendary leaders were both born on June 14; chance could not have devised anything more appropriate

Granmajune 11, 2019 14:06:14

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Photo: habanaradio.cu
Eighty-three years separated the births of the two men. The first was a legendary figure when the second came into the world. While one said that anyone who attempted to appropriate Cuba would be left with only the dust from its soil, drenched in blood, if they did not perish in the battle; the other shed his blood on Bolivian soil attempting to prevent the empire from seizing Our America.

Both were invaders from East to West; both died in combat; both are today exemplary symbols of revolutionary courage and intransigence; both are now close to us, and we close to them; both did what a whole people has sworn to do; they were born the same day: June 14. Chance could not have devised anything better.

General Antonio Maceo, Cubans of today, educated in your immortal example, would have shared the honor of being with you on that glorious day you responded to the representative of the Spanish colonial power: We want no peace without independence.
Che, dear brother: all your comrades in arms would have liked to fight with you in the Quebrada del Yuro and for the liberation of America. It was an impossible dream. Fate had assigned our heroic people the mission of resisting 43 years of aggression and finally saying NO to the imperial government that threatens us and tries to impose on Cuba a new Platt Amendment, more ignominious than that of 1901. The people whom you helped to overthrow tyranny, is fighting today the most glorious struggle of its history against the government of the hegemonic superpower that seeks to destroy us.

Cuban revolutionaries, in the midst of the battle of ideas that we are waging today, and engaged in the arduous, heroic defense of the homeland, the Revolution, and socialism, today we pay special tribute to our two great heroes, with a firm and unwavering decision: we will all be like Maceo and Che!

(Excerpts of speech delivered by Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro Ruz, in a solemn commemoration of the births of Maceo and Che, held in Cacahual, Havana, June 15, 2002).

The country we want, President Díaz-Canel

The country we want
President Díaz-Canel met with administrative vice presidents from all provinces and the Isle of Youth special municipality and advocated for a sovereign, participatory, socialist nation, based on balanced, suThe country we want, President Díaz-Caneltínez Hernándezjune 10, 2019 16:06:54

The housing program was one of those analyzed by the President in a meeting with administration vice presidents from all provinces and the Isle of Youth special municipality.

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Photo: Leidys Labrador
THE President of Cuba’s Councils of State and of Ministers, Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez, during an exchange at the Palace of the Revolution with administration vice presidents from all provinces and the Isle of Youth special municipality, advocated for a socialist, sovereign, participatory nation, that is faithful to its history and defends its identity.
The country we want, he said, must be based on balanced, sustainable development, on prosperity in harmony with the environment, a fair distribution of wealth, and quality services for the entire people, according to the official Presidential website.
Also participating were the president of the National Assembly of People’s Power, Esteban Lazo Hernández, and First Vice President of the Councils of State and Ministers Salvador Valdés Mesa, as the President spoke of practicing solidarity; rejecting self-interest; repudiating discrimination; and defending the rights of all Cubans, not exclusive or privileged segments.
After discussing difficulties facing the nation with the regional cadres, Díaz-Canel reiterated the government’s two priorities: preparation for defense and the economic battle, both afforded the same level of importance.
Regardless of the circumstances, he stressed, we will not renounce the principles that have defined the Cuban Revolution since its inception, such as the worker-campesino alliance, the right to land for those who work it, universal and free access to education and health, as well as state ownership of the basic means of production.
During the meeting cardinal issues for the development of the country were analyzed, such as meeting commercial circulation plans, conserving energy, housing programs, and municipal food self-sufficiency.
Likewise, proposals from deputies to the National Assembly of People’s Power must be heeded, including those related to housing construction and subsidies; preventing fuel theft; and the production of food.
Among the unavoidable tasks in developing a better economy, Díaz-Canel mentioned the strengthening of socialist state enterprises; the ordering of non-state economic activity, without affecting its performance negatively; integrating all actors, forms of ownership and management involved in Cuba’s economic environment; making the investment process more efficient; boosting foreign investment; exporting more and replacing imports with domestic products.
He urged the efficient use of valuable human resources, and the skilled scientific workforce trained by the Revolution, to defend national production and encourage local development programs in all territories.
In this first exchange of this kind, the vice presidents of Administration Councils presented their experiences in each of the analyzed programs.
WITH LITTLE STEPS, GREAT THINGS ARE ACCOMPLISHED
We face the challenge of ensuring the comprehensive training of our athletes, to be young revolutionaries, true patriots and with extensive development as athletes, commented the President of Cuba’s Councils of State and Ministers, Miguel Diaz-Canel Bermúdez, to close the XXXI National Seminar to prepare of the coming school year in the Cuban sports system.
After outlining aspects of increasing threats by the United States government in the region, and the resurgence of the economic, commercial, and financial blockade on our country, the President insisted on the need to put an end to “the import mentality that sometimes delays initiative and proposals to overcome problems.
”This is a school year in which we must continue confronting, from a socialist position, banality, ignorance and vulgarity, elements that imperialism attempts to cultivate. And we must help our young athletes understand that the construction of socialism is challenging, because it is based on sacrifice, on collectivism, on the defense of all and for all,” he stressed.
Referring to Physical Education classes, he said that this is where values are shaped, personalities molded, collectivism and solidarity forged.
Let us work toward developing beauty and the culture of detail as daily practices in sports, as well, he said, with little steps, great things are accomplished.
BATOS: AN INDUSTRY IS REBORN
While touring the Batos Sports Company, affiliated with the Light Industry Enterprise Group, President Díaz-Canel was able to appreciate the exquisite cleanliness and organization that reigns in the workshops, in which 256 types of sporting goods were manufactured last year.
Batos, founded in June 1965, produces and distributes sports implements and equipment, textile garments, supplies and services for the Cuban sports system, and in 2018 its more than 700 workers produced some 600,000 items, a figure that had not been reached since the years prior to the Special Period.
Accompanied by Osvaldo Vento Montiller, president of the National Institute of Sports, Physical Education, and Recreation, and Andrés Alberdi Valero, Batos director, the Cuban leader toured areas involved in leatherworks, woodworking, and the fabrication of balls for different sports, where he asked about stability of the workforce and the quality of productions, among other issues.
Walking through the textile workshop, he recognized the new uniform models being crafted, with unique designs, high quality, and patriotic symbols standing out. (Info from www.presidencia.gob.cu)

Cuba’s outstanding performances on the world sports

Cuba’s outstanding performances on the world sports scene
Cuban athletes have recently achieved significant results in international competitions, winning gold medals in judo, boxing, canoeing, and athletics, reaffirming prospects for the 2019 Pan-American Games in Lima

Author: Granma | internet@granma.cu
june 5, 2019 16:06:13

Yaimé Pérez (left) and Denia Caballero on an exciting day for Cuba.

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Photo: Ricardo López Hevia
Cuban athletes have recently achieved significant results in international sports competitions, winning several gold medals in judo, boxing, canoeing, and athletics, reaffirming prospects for the 19th Pan-American Games Lima of 2019, scheduled in the Peruvian capital this coming July 26 through August 11.

London 2012 Olympic champion, Idalis Ortiz, won the gold medal in the +78kg division of the Judo Grand Prix in Hohhot, China, on May 26, according to the tournament website.

She started strong in the quarterfinals, defeating China’s Yafei Zhou by wazari. Then, in the semifinals, she excelled with the same technique to overcome German Jasmin Kuelbs, and in the final, faced Japan’s Maya Akiba, who was disqualified after receiving three warnings for failing to engage in combat for 45 seconds.

This victory gave Ortiz some 700 points for the world ranking, which she leads with 7,340, far ahead of her closest rival, Brazilian María Suelen Altheman (5,735).

Two other Cubans won bronze: Kaliema Antomarchi (78 kg) and Iván Silva (90 kg), while Andy Granda (+100) finished seventh.

The Cuban delegation, including six judokas, finished fifth on the medal chart, in a contest led by South Korea, with four titles and two bronzes.

President Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez tweeted his congratulations to Cuban boxers, who won five gold medals in the Grand Prix Usti nad Labem, a tough boxing tournament recently concluded in the Czech Republic. Continue reading

Excerpts from speeches by Army General Raúl Castro Ruz

We will renounce none of our principles
Excerpts from speeches by Army General Raúl Castro Ruz emphasizing the need to respond to every challenge with unity, strength, optimism, and unwavering confidence in victory

Raúl Castro Ruzjune 3, 2019 09:06:21

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Photo: Estudio Revolución
Once again, an adverse scenario has been created and again our enemies’ euphoria resurfaces, and they rush to make their dreams of destroying the example of Cuba a reality. This is not the first time, nor the last, that the Cuban Revolution must face challenges and threats. We have faced all dangers and resisted undefeated for 60 years.
For us, as for Venezuela and Nicaragua, it is very clear that the siege is tightening and our people must be alert and prepared to respond to every challenge with unity, strength, optimism, and unwavering confidence in the victory.
After almost a decade of practicing unconventional methods of war to prevent continuity or stop the return of progressive governments, the circles of power in Washington sponsored coups, first a military one to overthrow President Zelaya in Honduras and later the parliamentary-judicial coups against Lugo in Paraguay and Dilma Rousseff in Brazil.
They promoted rigged, politically motivated judicial processes, as well as manipulative campaigns to discredit leaders and organizations of the left, making use of their monopoly control of mass media. In this way they succeeded in imprisoning compañero Lula da Silva and deprived him of the right to run for President as the candidate of the Workers’ Party, to avoid his sure victory in the last elections. I take this opportunity to appeal to all honest political forces on the planet to demand his release and to stop the attacks and judicial persecution of the Dilma Rousseff and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.

Continue reading

Descendants of Batista’s henchmen look to be “compensated” under the Helms-Burton Act

Descendants of Batista’s henchmen look to be “compensated” under the Helms-Burton Act
With the U.S. government re-activating the Helms-Burton Act’s Title III, José Ramón López – son of a swindler and lackey of the Batista dictatorship, José López Vilaboy – has filed a claim on Cubana Airlines, legally confiscated as a misappropriated asset after the triumph of the Revolution

Dolphin Xiqués Cutiñomay 31, 2019 15:05:24

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Fulgencio Batista became a major stockholder in Cubana de Aviación S.A. via murky financial maneuvers, with the rest of the shares owned by his henchmen. Photo: Granma Archives

When dictator Fulgencio Batista decided to flee Cuba, a large number of his cronies joined the expedition. Some 25 suitcases accompanied him onto the aircraft and he pressed a bulging briefcase to his chest. The briefcase contained dollars and Batista, who trusted no one, feared losing them. He was well acquainted with his traveling companions, the many outrages they had committed and the shady operations they ran.

The money had been given to him by his closest relatives, like Andrés Domingo and Morales del Castillo, Presidential secretary; José López Vilaboy and Manuel Pérez Benitoa, although the latter had been in New York since the end of December, when he took Batista’s children to the city, along with 43 million dollars that were deposited in the dictator’s account, although the story goes that he deposited 42 and kept a million himself.

Lopez Vilaboy couldn’t get a seat on the planes that took off with the dictator’s pals, obliging him to seek refuge in the Guatemalan embassy in Havana.

These days, with the United States government re-activating the Helms-Burton Act’s Title III, granting the right to file court claim to those who were not citizens of that country at the time of nationalizations, a character known as José Ramón López, who says he is the son of Cuban businessman José López Vilaboy, has asserted that, pre-1959, his father’s properties included the Rancho Boyeros airport, Cubana Airlines, the Colina Hotel, and other buildings. Continue reading

The United States and its glass house

The United States and its glass house
The application of Title III of the Helms-Burton Act is a flagrant violation of international law and an unacceptable attack on the self-determination of the peoples of the world

Oscar Sánchez Serramay 28, 2019 15:05:30

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Photo: Granma
The empire no longer dresses up in sheep’s clothing; it fears that, as in the fable, the shepherd will take it for food for his family. Today, it does not disguise itself, but is enraged and seeks to cling to its ancestors, dusting off the Monroe Doctrine, McCarthyism and the worst moments of the Cold War.

It sinks its claws into Latin America and the Caribbean, destroying its peoples, either through the seizure of power by servile oligarchies representing its interests (any resemblance to Chile, Brazil or the self-proclaimed Lima Group, is not purely coincidental); the destabilization of legitimately and democratically elected governments, such as Venezuela or Nicaragua; or its genocidal economic war against the Cuban Revolution.

The Trump administration’s concern for the properties of those who lived in Cuba before 1959 is fanciful. Title III of the Helms-Burton Act and all its letter are just a pretext to end the Cuban model, humanist par excellence, which remains stuck like a thorn in the empire’s side, and has prevented it from continuing with what it started 174 years ago, in 1845. Continue reading

Army General Raúl Castro Ruz receives Admiral Miao Hua

Raúl receives Admiral Miao Hua, member of the Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China
During the fraternal meeting, the excellent relations of friendship shared by the two countries’ Parties, governments, peoples, and armed forces were reaffirmed

Granmamay 17, 2019 09:05:00

During the fraternal meeting, the excellent relations of friendship shared by the two countries’ Parties, governments, peoples, and armed forces were reaffirmed.

 

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Photo: Estudios Revolución
Army General Raúl Castro Ruz, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba Central Committee, received Admiral Miao Hua on Thursday morning, a member of the Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China, and director of its Political Work Department, as well as the delegation accompanying him on an official visit to Cuba, invited by the Ministry of the Revolutionary Armed Forces.

During the fraternal meeting, the excellent relations of friendship shared by the two countries’ Parties, governments, peoples, and armed forces were reaffirmed.

The meeting was also attended by the members of the Political Bureau and Army Corps Generals Leopoldo Cintra Frías and Álvaro López Miera, minister and first deputy minister of the FAR, chief of the General Staff, respectively.

Raúl receives Vice Chairman of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea

Raúl receives Vice Chairman of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea
In the fraternal meeting, the two leaders exchanged on the excellent state of relations between our peoples, parties and governments, and ratified the will to continue expanding them

Granmamay 24, 2019 10:05:00

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Photo: Estudios Revolución
Army General Raúl Castro Ruz and compañero José Ramón Machado Ventura, First and Second Secretaries of the Communist Party of Cuba Central Committee, received on Thursday afternoon compañero Ri Su-yong, a vice chairman of Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea, and member of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, who is currently visiting Cuba.

In the fraternal meeting, the two leaders exchanged on the excellent state of relations between our peoples, parties and governments, and ratified the will to continue expanding them. They also addressed international issues.

The distinguished visitor was accompanied by Ryu Myong-son, deputy director of the International Relations Department of the Workers’ Party of Korea Central Committee.