Category Archives: Cuban Revolution

55 YEARS SINCE THE BAY OF PIGS Worst U.S. defeat since 1812

55 YEARS SINCE THE BAY OF PIGS
Worst U.S. defeat since 1812
On April 17, 1961, a mercenary brigade armed, trained and, transported by the CIA, landed at Playa Girón on the Bay of Pigs, as part of Washington’s plans to defeat the nascent Cuban Revolution. The people in uniform, with Fidel on the front lines, defeated the invasion in less than 72 hours
Author: Gabriel Molina Franchossi | informacion@granma.cu
april 7, 2016 09:04:14

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Fidel on the front lines in Playa Girón. Photo: Archivo
General Lauris Norstad, head of Allied Forces in Europe (1956-1963), stated “The Bay of Pigs is the worst defeat of the United States since the War of 1812,” in his analysis of the U.S. government’s failed invasion of Cuba at Playa Girón, on the Bay of Pigs, in 1961.
The War of 1812, unleashed and lost by the U.S. against Canada, was the first attempt at expansion by the 13 colonies which constituted the country in 1776.
Once free of the English, some of the new country’s founding fathers proclaimed that they had been chosen by God to guide the rest of the world, and expand to the west and south.
Playa Girón is related to many of the most important issues of the 20th century, including the assassinations of John and Robert Kennedy; the Cuban Missile Crisis; the Churchill-Truman alliance; Hiroshima and Nagasaki; the CIA; anti-communism; the Cold War; McCarthyism; neoliberalism; and the growth of the military-industrial complex. The Bay of Pigs is also linked to the war in Vietnam, those in the Middle East (Palestine, Iraq, Syria) Afghanistan, Ukraine, and the mysterious death of Franklin D. Roosevelt – given his opinions about the use of the atomic bomb, the establishment of Israel, and Churchill, himself.

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Young Cubans call for the return of the territory illegally occupied by the U.S. in Guantánamo

Young Cubans call for the return of the territory illegally occupied by the U.S. in Guantánamo
During the 39th edition of the Festival of Political Song, young Cuban artists once again called for the return of our territory, occupied by the U.S. at the illegal Guantanamo Naval Base

Author: Prensa Latina | internet@granma.cu
august 3, 2015 09:08:2

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Foto: Juventud Rebelde

CAIMANERA, Guantánamo.—Young Cuban artists participating in the Jornada de la Canción Política (Festival of Political Song) once again called for the return of our territory, occupied by the U.S. at the illegal Guantanamo Naval Base.

During a tour of the communities of Caimanera and Boquerón, bordering the military enclave, participants performed and exchanged with residents, while stating their position calling for the return of this portion of Cuban soil which for more than a century has been occupied by the United States.

The Festival of Political Song, celebrating its 39th edition this year, is the oldest event sponsored by the Hermanos Saíz Association in the country. This year the festival is dedicated to the 55 years of the Casa de las Américas magazine and the local group Frontera, precursors of the professional trovador movement in this area.

The Sunday program also included a performance of the longest trova, starring guest musicians and anyone interested in joining them in this eastern Cuban city.

José Antonio Echeverría, the assault on the Presidential Palace, on March 13, 1957

Tribute from a grateful homeland
March 13, 1957, will continue to be a historic date that resonates with Cubans

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Author: Mauricio Escuela | informacion@granma.cu
march 11, 2016 09:03:54

The former Presidential Palace is now the Museum of the Revolution. Photo: Jose M. Correa
March 13, 1957 will continue to be a historic date that resonates with Cubans.
Over the coming days, Cuban university students, members of the Revolutionary Directorate of the time and patriots in general, will commemorate, as they do every year, the assault on the Presidential Palace, on March 13, 1957. José Antonio Echeverría, president of the Federation of University Students at the time, led a group of students from the University of Havana that day, in an attempt to bring down the tyranny of Batista. This feat would clear the way for those who would later, from the Sierra Maestra, eventually bring freedom to the country.

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José Antonio Echeverría

Beyond the program of activities, the tribute will speak to the very essence of those members of the Directorate who, as Martí would say, carried within them the shame of many, facing the beast in its own lair and attacking one of the most important and wide reaching radio stations, Radio Reloj.
Scheduled to take place are moments of silence and reflection, announcements, and the playing of the National Anthem. Cuban classrooms will be the perfect space to recall an unforgettable moment in the island’s history. The function rooms of the Museum of the Revolution (former Presidential Palace), will receive those who participated in the assault, who instead of weapons will bring ideas, dreams, concrete plans for the nation and much respect for José Antonio Echeverría, martyr, leader and a man who, together with so many others, never feared retribution and embodied the maxim: “To die for the homeland is to live.”
In the early days of January 1959, following the triumph of the Revolution, Fidel spoke from the balcony of the Presidential Palace, which from that moment ceased to be a space for evil and became the site of many positive actions, benefiting the Cuban people. This was a promise encompassing the essence of Martí’s thought, made reality. March 13 is the day that the grateful Cuban people pay tribute to these martyrs. A white rose symbolizing purity and appreciation will be placed at the statue of the brave José Antonio Echeverria

Army General Raúl Castro Ruz, President of the Councils of State and Ministers at the United Nations

Esteemed heads of state and government,
Distinguished heads of delegations,
Mr. Secretary General of the United Nations,

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Mr. President,
Seventy years ago, on behalf of their peoples, the member states of this organization signed the United Nations Charter. We pledged to protect future generations from the scourge of war, and to build a new type of relationship guided by a set of principles and purposes that could bring about an era of peace, justice and development for all of humanity.
However, since then, there have been constant wars of aggression; interference in the internal affairs of states; violent overthrowing of sovereign governments; so-called “soft coups,” and the re-colonization of territories. All of these perfected with non-conventional strategies and new technology, under the guise of alleged human rights violations.
The militarization of cyberspace, and the covert and illegal use of information and communications technologies to attack other states is unacceptable, as likewise is the distortion of the advancement and protection of human rights used with a selective and discriminatory approach to justify and impose political decisions.
Despite the fact that the Charter calls to “reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person,” to millions of people the fulfillment of human rights remains a utopia.

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The July 26 commemoration in Santiago

Santiago has shown that, without losing its hospitality, it remains rebellious and heroic
As the July 26 commemoration in Santiago concluded, after the central remarks made by José Ramón Machado Ventura, President Raúl Castro Ruz shared a few words. Machado Ventura recalled that the July 26 commemoration is held not only to honor the past, but to reaffirm that the heroic 1953 actions were not in vain, that the seeds sown have borne fruit.
Author: Redacción Nacional | internet@granma.cu
july 26, 2015 09:07:33

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Foto: Jose M. Correa

“I could not pass through here without saying something to you. Three or four words. I am leaving confident and hopeful that Santiago will always continue to be Santiago,” said Army General Raúl Castro Ruz, as the commemoration of the assaults on the Moncada and Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Garrisons in Santiago concluded.

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MID-TERM VOTE, Cuban elections during historic times

MID-TERM VOTE

Cuban elections during historic times

Some 88.3% of eligible voters cast ballots during the first round of mid-term elections, on April 19, to select delegates to Municipal Assemblies of People’s Power
Author: Livia Rodriguez Delis | livia@granma.cu
april 21, 2015 09:04:24

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Photo: Juvenal Balán

This April 19, Cubans participated in another historic event reflective of the times. More than 7.5 million voters, 88.3% of eligible voters, exercised their right to vote to reaffirm their commitment to the future of the Revolution, on a day when the country also celebrated the 54th anniversary of Cuba’s victory over the U.S. backed invasion at Playa Girón, on the Bay of Pigs.
Alina Balseiro, president of the National Electoral Commission (CEN), presented preliminary results to the press, assessing the vote as satisfactory, with 90% of the ballots ruled valid, 4.54% submitted blank and 4.9% considered invalid.
She reported that 11,425 delegates were elected during this first round, having won over 50% of the vote as required, while 1,164 constituencies will return to the polls April 26 for a second round vote, since no candidate reached the necessary percentage.
Balseiro noted that the number of female delegates rose to 34.87% of the total and that 14.95% were youths, while 54.87% of current delegates were reelected.
She emphasized that only 59.24% of those elected to the Municipal Assemblies of People’s Power are members of the Communist Party of Cuba, while 6.75% are members of the Young Communist League, saying, “This demonstrates that political affiliation is not required to be a delegate.”
More than 24,600 polling stations were established for the elections, with 20,000 young people serving as observers, of special relevance during the public count of the vote, also witnessed by members of the community, as any interested party has this right.

Raúl casts his vote

Raúl casts his vote
President Raúl Castro Ruz exercised his right to vote on Sunday, April 19, in the elections held across all of Cuba to select delegates to Municipal Assemblies of People’s Power.

Author: Leticia Martínez Hernández | internet@granma.cu

april 20, 2015 09:04:42

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Photo: Estudio Revolución

President Raúl Castro Ruz exercised his right to vote on Sunday, April 19, in the elections held across all of Cuba to select delegates to Municipal Assemblies of People’s Power, a day which served as well to commemorate the 54th anniversary of the country’s victory at Playa Girón on the Bay of Pigs.

Upon arriving at the polling station in the Havana municipality of Playa, Raúl conversed with members of the constituency electoral board, emphasizing the importance of these elections in which Cubans elected their representatives to local governmental bodies, fundamental to the country’s political system.

After voting, Raúl chatted with elementary school students, who guarded the ballot box throughout the day, about their studies, what grade they were in, and what they hoped to do as adults. He asked about the length of their turns guarding the ballot box, and how many years they had to wait before voting themselves. Amidst smiles and joking, several photos of the students with Raúl were snapped.

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Photo: Estudio Revolución

As he left the polling station, the President talked with a group of neighbors waiting to greet him.

Fidel exercises his right to vote

Fidel exercises his right to vote
Around 12:40 this afternoon, the ballot bearing Fidel’s vote arrived at polling station no.1 in the Havana municipality of Plaza’s constituency no.13

Author: Arlin Alberty Loforte | internet@granma.cu
april 19, 2015 16:04:25

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Photo: Alex Castro

Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro Ruz exercised his right to vote in the mid-term elections being held today in Cuba to select delegates to Municipal Assemblies of People’s Power, the same day Cuba’s victory over imperialism at Playa Girón is commemorated.

Around 12:40 this afternoon, the ballot bearing Fidel’s vote arrived at polling station no.1 in the Havana municipality of Plaza’s constituency no.13. – placed within an envelope, and appropriately folded, to respect his right to a secret vote.

Fidel was visited at his home by a member of the constituency election board who was responsible for transporting his ballot to the polling station, to be deposited in the ballot box, as is stipulated by the country’s Electoral Law, for those who have the capacity to vote, but whose physical condition makes difficult their attendance at the polling station, whenever the citizen makes the request.

Carmen Llópiz Casadevall, president of the polling station no. 1 electoral board in Constituency no.13, located in the El Carmelo Popular Council district, to whom the ballot was delivered, deposited Fidel’s vote in the ballot box.

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Photo: Alex Castro

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz, appears on the constituency’s registry as voter number 13 among members of the Committee for the Defense of the Revolution no.13, who exercise the right to vote at this site.

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Photo: Jorge Luis González

Fidel Castro appears in public for first time in 14 months

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Fidel Castro appears in public for first time in 14 months
Photographs show former Cuban president greeting group of Venezuelan visitors

Fidel Castro greeting a member of a Venezuelan delegation in Cuba last month. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images
Fidel Castro greeting a member of a Venezuelan delegation in Cuba last month. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images
Elisabeth Malkin

Former president Fidel Castro of Cuba made a surprise appearance in public for the first time in 14 months, greeting a group of Venezuelan visitors as they toured a Havana school, the Cuban media has reported. The report, which was published in the official Cuban newspaper Juventud Rebelde, was accompanied by four photographs of Dr Castro seated in his van and shaking hands with enthusiastic visitors who reached through the window.

The article said the encounter took place on March 30th but did not explain the publishing delay. It was also the first time Dr Castro (88) had been seen since his brother, President Raúl Castro, and President Barack Obama announced in December that the United States and Cuba would normalise diplomatic relations and loosen many of the economic restrictions Washington had placed on the island.
The agreement was a step toward halting five decades of enmity that has sustained the propaganda defining the Cuban Revolution. But for almost six weeks, Fidel Castro was silent about the dramatic reconciliation, leading to rumours in Havana and Miami that he had died. He finally spoke out at the end of January, when he published a letter in the Communist Party’s official newspaper, Granma, explaining that he supported a peaceful resolution to conflicts but still distrusted US politics.
A few days later, Granma published photographs of Dr Castro in his home looking alert and animated during a meeting with a student leader from the University of Havana.
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More photographs followed in early March when Castro met with five Cuban agents who had spent years in jail in the United States on espionage charges. Granma also published a letter from Castro about the five-hour meeting.
In the latest photographs, Castro was shown from inside his van, dressed in a blue Adidas jacket and a black baseball cap. The article said the encounter lasted 90 minutes as Castro greeted the 33 Venezuelans in the exchange group one by one and discussed political affairs in their country.
He called for people to petition Mr Obama to reverse his declaration calling Venezuela a threat to the national security of the United States.
The declaration last month eroded some of the goodwill in Latin America that the new easing of tension with Cuba had generated for the United States, just weeks before the Summit of the Americas meeting in Panama on April 10th-11th. Mr Obama and Raúl Castro will both attend the meeting.